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Diagnose and rectify Corneal Problems- The Eye Foundation

The cornea is the outermost protective layer of your eye which is the white layer of your eyes that will help you to keep your eyes safe and protect your eyes from germs, dirt, and any other damage. There are many possibilities for the cornea to protect and filter from the ultraviolet light that is coming out from the sun. Wearing sunglasses will be helpful to protect your eyes while you get outdoor. There are 42% of people who get affected by cornea problems and there are also solutions available for it. To treat your corneal issues get assistance from the best eye care provider in the city.

How do they affect you?

Corneal diseases cause about 20.7% of blindness in one eye and 20.5% of bilateral blindness. This mainly plays a key role in the vision. The focusing of your eyes can be done by entering light into your eyes and checking the refraction or the bent that it does by the cornea’s curved edge. In this way, you can get to know the focus of the object and detect whether the problem is close up or far away. 

If your cornea has got damaged due to an injury, infection, or disease this will leave a scar and has the high ability to affect your vision. When the light enters the eyes it might block the light. Over the cornea, the cornea rings will be formed and this is the initiation of the infection. 

If you think that it has affected your child then noticing them at every stage of their life is important and when you think that they are showing some symptoms based on the corneal infection then taking them to the corneal ophthalmologist will be helpful for them to gain their vision without causing any issues in their future life.

Symptoms that you can get if you have got cornea problems

The corneal problem affects the part of your eyes in many conditions which include infections, breakdown of tissues, and other disorders that you may even get from your parents. If you have got minor injuries or infections your cornea will heal the wound by itself but during the healing process you can get symptoms like,

  1. You will automatically get torn without your consent. 
  2. You will never feel the color of your eyes getting changed but it will automatically change into redness
  3. Whenever you look at the light this will make you feel more sensitive and you will start to flicker your eyelash
  4. If you strain more on seeing one particular thing your eyes will start to pain automatically giving proper rest is important
  5. You may even get blurred vision which will make you feel discomfort.
  6. All of the eye problems will show you these kinds of symptoms only if you think that the issue has got more critical then reach out to the experienced ophthalmologist to get right treatment.

What type of conditions may cause damage?

Keratitis- This kind of infection may occur mainly when the virus, bacteria, or fungal get into your cornea. After the injury, this can get inside and cause infection, and even ulcers. There are many chances for your contact lenses to cause you these kinds of injuries if you do not maintain them properly you can get symptoms like tearing, redness, severe pain, discharge of the eye, etc.

Ocular herpes- This type of condition can create sores on the cornea. If you leave the message then this will get deep inside the cornea and affect your eyes. Even though there is no cure for it you can control them by making use of antiviral drugs or some kind of steroids

Herpes zoster- You can only get this kind of infection if you have got chickenpox. The virus will not leave your body, it stays in your nerves and activates. After some days it will travel to your body and infect the body parts like your eyes. This has the higher ability to heal it by yourself or in another case you can take steroid eye drops which can protect from inflammation and some antiviral medications. There are many chances for people getting exposed to the virus to get shingles but the chances are higher for people over the age of 80 and also for people whose immune system is less. If you are over the age of 50 then get a vaccine.

Degenerations of cornea 

There are several types it which cause the problem with the corneal structure includes,

Keratoconus 

This disease will generally thin your cornea and completely change the shape. Keratoconus affects teenagers and 20s, 10-20% of people with keratoconus become scarred or can't tolerate lenses. In the dark, your vision will be too low and you will find it hard to see things.

Corneal dystrophy

Many diseases are available inside this and that even touches more than 20 diseases. All of these diseases will bring a structural problem in the cornea where the complete shape of the cornea will change. Some of the most common dystrophies that affect the human are as follows,

Fuchs dystrophy

This mainly causes a breakdown of the endothelial cells and starts to swell the cornea. It will feel a little hard to remove the water from the stroma in this case your eyes will start to swell and get worse in vision. Although doctors can often see early signs of Fuchs' dystrophy in people in their 30s and 40s, the disease rarely affects vision until people reach their 50s and 60s. Treatments available include eye drops or ointments, corneal transplant, and drying your cornea with the help of a hair dryer. 

Lattice dystrophy 

This is a protein fiber in the stroma that is abnormal. It can happen at any age but the early changes can be found in childhood. You can see a clear line overlapping of proteins on the eye which make the vision get cloudy. The treatment includes eye patches, corneal transplant prescription eye drops.

Map dot fingerprint dystrophy 

This is a type of infection that will affect the back layer of your epithelium which will separate it from the stroma. It makes the layer grow irregularly while in some places it will be thick and in other places it will be thin. Irregular shapes will be present in the cornea where the shapes may look like fingerprints come on maps or even dots. This kind of infection will affect mainly adults over the age of 40. It will be painless and will not affect your vision and will automatically get treated without taking treatment. But in some cases, the epithelial layer will get down and show the nerves that line your cornea. This will cause severe pain mainly when you wake up in the morning. There are many chances for you to get astigmatism, near sightedness, or far sightedness. You will also be able to notice excessive tearing makes you feel that something is in your eye, cause severe pain and make your eyes feel more sensitive while viewing light. Treatment will be provided along with the eye patch and also a soft contact lens. If necessary your health care provider will give you some ointments, eye drops, and also some important liquids that will remove the loose layer that is unwanted. This is a mild procedure where your provider will do it at the office itself and you can get back to your home as soon as the procedure is done. But getting it from the cutting-edge equipped eye care provider is vital to assure your safety.

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