People always love colorful things and used to decorate their living places when special occasions are arriving. According to psychology, colors can induce dopamine secretion in humans and as a result, you will feel happy. If color is this important, some people are there who couldn’t encounter the different colors that they are seeing from an external environment. Even though people are aware of color blindness they are not much clear about it but when you are experiencing some difficulties in identifying the colors it is good to get a proper eye checkup from the best eye care multispecialty hospitals in Coimbatore.
Human has the capability of visualizing and identifying the colors they are seeing from an external world they are being possible because of the two types of cells in the retinal part of the eye they are rods and cones. The rods are responsible for identifying the light and darkness and the cones are responsible for the colors you see and concentrate the nearer objects for better vision. But if there are any issues with them they couldn’t able to find the accurate color that you see, but it doesn’t mean those people cannot any of the colors. Three types of cones could able to see the color red, green, and blue, and they send the signal to the brain through which you could perceive the color exactly. Color blindness people may be capable of detecting one or two colors but not others this is what color blindness means.
If any of these cone cells are not working or absent or any defect in it they couldn’t perceive the color, in people who have severe color blindness all three cells couldn’t function, and in mild color blindness people, all the three cells will be there but one may not work enough. People with severe color blindness used to view everything in shades of grey. The prevalence of color blindness in males is about 8% but in females, it is just 0.5-1.0%, so it is vital to get an ophthalmic consultation from the best eye care super specialty hospital in Banglore when you experiencing significant changes in your color perception.
Complete Color blindness
Also called monochromacy, you don’t see any color at all and your vision may not be as clear.
There are two types:
This is the condition where two of three cone cells are not working and you will feel difficulty in differentiating one color from another. If any of your cones are not working it going to affect your vision sharpness and get nearsightedness.
This condition is also called achromatopsia. If any of your photopigments are not working, in that case, you going to experience white and grey vision. Everything around you appears in black and white contrast also the bright light will hurt you. In both of these conditions, uncontrollable eye movement will be reported called nystagmus.
Signs and symptoms
Usually based on the intensity of color blind people feel difficulty in perceiving the color it ranges from mild to severe. When it is in mild state people don’t find the big difference due to this they may not take things seriously. If color blindness arises in kids parents could find them a little earlier while they are learning the colors.
Causes of color blindness
In most cases, an individual born with color blindness it is called congenital color blindness, and in that case, the defects may be either partial or completely based on the presence of cones in the retinal part of the eye. The cones of the eye are responsible for color distinguishing red, blue, and green. If a mother carrying a baby has color blindness there is a higher chance of transferring it to the fetus.
If color blindness is developing in the later stage of life it may be due to the following conditions,
- Drug toxicity
- Vascular disease
Sometimes, some other diseases can bring color blindness in a person if it is because of certain diseases as time goes the condition might get worse. These proper eye checkups and treatments are vital to avoid making things more complicated prefer the best eye super specialty hospital in Kochi for good quality treatment.
Who is highly prone to it?
Comparatively, men are highly prone to getting color blindness than women. In fact, according to the survey, 1 in 10 men are experiencing any kind of color deficiency. People with the below conditions are at higher risk of getting color blindness,
- Macular degeneration
- Alzheimer’s disease
Certain drugs people were taking to treat other problems like hydroxychloroquine for arthritis may lead to the development of color blindness.
How it will be diagnosed?
The ophthalmologist will conduct a simple and less time-consuming test to confirm that you are suffering from color blindness. They used to show you a chart with multi-colored dots and ask you to find them out if you don’t have any color deficiency it becomes possible to identify. But if there is a deficiency in identifying the color or shape shown by the doctor then further procedures to get better vision will be planned.
When you consider the treatment for congenital color blindness there is no specific treatment for this eye condition through using specialized contact lenses or glasses you could overcome the issue. Still, proper diagnosis and ophthalmologist guidance is highly recommended to have better vision.
Can you prevent color blindness?
If you are looking for preventive measures for color blindness, in the case of congenital color blindness it is not going to be possible. But through ensuring the eye checkups properly you could diagnose color blindness before it affects your vision with the help of an ophthalmologist. This is a simple way for preventing acquired color blindness. By consulting your eye health from the best eye super specialty hospital in South India you could safeguard your vision and never be late to take care of them.