Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases where the optic nerve gets damaged because of intraocular pressure or the unhealthy pressure within the eye. The rise of intraocular pressure is a result of a blockage in the drainage system of the eye, or if the drainage system resists normal drainage.
The two more common types of glaucoma are the open-angle type and the angle-closure type. The open-angle type usually gets diagnosed only in the late stages since most of the time, it does not present symptoms. The angle-closure type, on the other hand, occurs when a sudden block in the drainage system causes the eye pressure to rise.
Glaucoma can develop in anyone, but especially in people over the age of 40. However, there are greater risks for developing glaucoma in those who have a family history of glaucoma. The best eye specialists in Bangalore mentioned that glaucoma can also occur at a younger age and is called congenital or developmental glaucoma. An episode of trauma to the eye can also precipitate glaucoma.
Among the ways that glaucoma affects a person’s vision is trouble in focusing vision, pain in the eye that is associated with smoky vision, and the sensation of a blind area. Headaches that come along with exercise may also be a symptom of glaucoma. However, often, there are no symptoms present and unfortunately many of these patients having glaucoma present very late with irreversible nerve damage. Therefore a regular check-up is advised for people over 40 years old.
While glaucoma is commonly addressed by medications, surgical treatment may be needed for those who do not respond to the prescribed medication. Some of the best eye hospital in Bangalore offer sophisticated surgeries for glaucoma with excellent outcomes and a very high degree of long-term success. Laser treatment is needed in some types of glaucoma.
If you are looking for laser treatment, it would be best to consult with hospitals that specialize in eye care. The best eye hospitals in Bangalore that offer laser treatment for eyes in Bangalore has the technology to do laser iridotomy using the Zeiss YAG laser that is used to treat angle-closure glaucoma. They also have the diode laser that is used in another laser procedure called laser trabeculoplasty.