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What are the different types of eye operations for removing spectacles?

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Have you ever been fed up with wearing spectacles continuously?

I take your silence as YES!

You might have gone through this frustration and lost your threshold at one point in time. This is okay to experience this kind of feeling and thought.

Most of us choose to remove the spectacles. “Contact Lenses” is the most common choice that runs in people’s minds. But this doesn’t give you a permanent redemption from wearing spectacles.

Contact lenses give you comfort but you are greatly recommended to keep the spectacles as a backup in case of emergency.

Still, there is one option that persists all the odds of removing spectacles.


Eye operation gives you permanent relief from wearing spectacles. Some of your network and connections have undergone eye surgery. Before making your decision, you would have asked about their post-surgery experience, expense and type of surgery they opted-in. You are in a great dilemma on which surgery to undergo to remove the specs. You are confused because the surgical types vary from person to person in your known connection.

If you are reading this I guess your mind is in chaos.


Let’s jump to the context and stay educated about the type of eye operations available for removing spectacles.

Photorefractive Keratectomy 

Photorefractive Keratectomy generally termed as PRK, is a laser surgical procedure to correct eye refractive errors. PRK is the most common laser surgery suggested by all ophthalmologists over a decade back.

PRK eye surgeries help the ophthalmologist correct eye visions like myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Photorefractive Keratectomy gives promising results and it has been in the practice for longer periods of time.

This is the first refractive error correction surgical procedure in eye healthcare. In the PRK laser method, the corneal flap, the outer layer of the cornea called epithelium is cut and completely removed.

After the removal of a corneal flap, the refractive error is corrected by using the laser. The temporary protective shield is placed over the cornea until the epithelium is completely healed. Generally, the complete healing of the corneal flap takes 5 to 7 days. Meanwhile, patients experience dry eyes and watery eyes after the surgery.

PRK eye surgeries create eye pain and it is advisable to take pain killer medication recommended by the eye doctors. The vision recovery after surgery takes some days (say one week).

Laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)

Laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most commonly preferred surgical procedure at the present time. LASIK delivers greater promising results post surgeries.

LASIK is recommended for refractive error correction like myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. This laser method has highly preferred as it treats patients with high nearsightedness. Also, Lasik is capable of correcting the refractive errors with other eye complications. In LASIK, the ophthalmologists create a small flap opening and the Femto laser is used to correct the refractive errors.

After the correction, the flap is put back in the same place where the cut is made. The complete healing of the corneal flap takes 1 to 2 days and patients get faster recovery with quality vision. Patients experience dry eyes post-surgery and it can be cured with the eye drops recommended by the ophthalmologists. The main advantage of undergoing LASIK is that the patients experience completely painlessness in this eye surgery.

Laser assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK)

Laser assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) is an eye surgical procedure similar to LASIK. The only difference is the type of laser used in the surgical procedure.

In LASEK, the microkeratome is the laser used in the surgical procedure. The refractive error is corrected as like other laser eye surgeries. The choice of LASIK or LASEK depends on the patient. As both the eye surgical procedures give the same promising results, the deciding factor in selecting the procedure is the healing and recovery time post-surgery.

LASEK surgical procedure takes quite a long recovery time and the initial healing of the corneal flap takes longer than other laser surgical methods. One of the main advantages of choosing LASEK over other laser surgeries is that the patients have very little discomfort due to the surgeries. The possibility of getting dry eyes after post-surgery is very less and the operated eyes have the least probability of getting eye infection in the future period.

Intraocular Lenses

Intraocular Lenses are commonly known as IOLs is one of the laser eye surgeries that are used for reversing eye vision. IOLs are the permanent lens transplantation in the eyes.

The older/affected eye lens is replaced with the IOLs. Before the procedure, the eyes lenses are completely mapped to find the IOLs that suits the patient’s eye. The IOLs are the corrective lenses that give vision correction to the patient. IOLs are most commonly used for patients suffering from Cataract eye problems.

Intraocular lenses surgical methods are used when the refractive error correction of the nearsightedness does not give promising results. Mostly, IOLs are not greatly recommended as a surgical method for removing spectacles.

Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE)

SMILE is a recent development in eye surgical procedures of laser eye surgery. SMILE has more advantages than Lasik, as the flap is created along with 300 of the corneal flap.

Once the corneal flap is created, the cone-shaped lenticule is created on the cornea using the same Femtolaser as used in the LASIK surgical procedure.

The created lenticule is then removed thereby the refractive error is corrected. SMILE laser method shows promising results and the patients experience less pain throughout the surgery. Patients have high satisfaction compared to other surgical methods as there is no chance of post-operative eye complications.

SMILE is greatly recommended for patients suffering very high eye complications and nearsightedness. SMILE gives quick recovery and healing time to the patients.


The vision correction result and the patient experience post-surgery is the main element that differs within the surgical options for removing the spectacles. Also, the cost varies with the types of surgeries as the laser used in the surgeries varies. You are provided with different options and the selection of the surgery depends on your convenience and the recommendation of your ophthalmologists.

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