The eyeball has three coats. The middle layer is called uvea. It has three parts, anterior iris , middle ciliary body and posterior choroid.It has a rich blood supply and a strong immune system. That’s why it is prone to immune reactions.
Inflammation of the uvea is uveitis. It may be due to autoimmune causes like rheumatoid arthritis or infections which may be viral, bacterial or tuberculosis.
If the cause of uveitis is infection it can be completely cured with the appropriate treatment.If it is due to autoimmune causes, it can be controlled with medications. However like all autoimmune conditions, uveitis can also be recurrent or chronic. In such conditions, the treatment may be prolonged.
Ocular investigations include fundus fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, B scan ultrasound and UBM.Systemic investigations include blood tests and radiological imaging.